G7 summit: How can Germany push the climate agenda as the war dominates debates?
The new government coalition had to hit the ground running when it took over the planning of priorities for Germany’s Group of Seven (G7) presidency less than a month before its kick-off on 1 January. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine all but guaranteed that much will not go as envisioned by chancellor Olaf Scholz and his team, as governments grapple with the war’s effects on economies and the world order.
Scholz has emphasised that the international community must not lose sight of major “issues of the future” despite the new situation Russia’s war against Ukraine has brought. Climate change is one of these and the government had put it at the top of its G7 programme – published one month before Russia started the war. Germany wants to push an open and cooperative international “climate club” – an alliance of the countries with the highest ambitions for climate policy worldwide – as well as partnerships to support emerging and developing nations in their just transition away from fossil fuels.
Germany’s leadership has argued that the war means Europe can and must speed up the transformation of its economy toward climate neutrality to not only fight climate change but also lessen dependence on Russian energy. Finance minister Christian Linder has branded renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar power, as “freedom energies,” and economic cooperation and development minister Svenja Schulze said supporting the energy transition in developing nations has become more urgent amid the war.
“For as dramatic and tragic as the war of aggression against Ukraine is: it must not lead us as the G7 to neglect our responsibility for global challenges, such as the climate crisis or the pandemic. On the contrary, many of the goals we set ourselves at the beginning of the year are becoming even more urgent in view of the changed world situation.”
But while Germany may say it wants to push things forward ever faster, it could face a credibility problem. The country plans new fossil fuel infrastructure in the form of import terminals for liquefied natural gas (LNG), and could depend on coal power much more in the short term if gas supplies from Russia stop.
And the support of the other G7 countries on issues like CO2 pricing or an earlier coal exit is far from certain. Germany reportedly aims to get other G7 partners to commit to a phase-out of coal power by 2030, but has run into resistance from Japan, which argues that a “much more severe” energy security environment keeps it from signing on to the proposal.
Clean Energy Wire invites experts to assess Germany’s energy and climate priorities one week ahead of the G7 summit. Participating journalists will get the chance to ask all panelists their questions to prepare coverage of the G7 summit in Bavaria.
Key questions for the discussion:
- How have the government’s energy and climate policy priorities for the G7 presidency changed with Russia’s war against Ukraine?
- What are the key goals for the June summit?
- What is Germany’s role in the 2022 global climate agenda?
- Will Germany succeed in setting up partnerships to support developing and emerging nations in their climate-friendly transition?
- What is the aim of a climate club? What are the key issues it should cover? Who must be involved?
- How can Germany and Indonesia align the G7 and G20 presidencies?
|16.00 - 16.05||Welcome and introduction by Julian Wettengel, Clean Energy Wire|
|16.05 - 16.20||
Climate and energy at the German G7 summit
By David Ryfisch, Germanwatch
|16.20 - 16.35||
Can the German G7 summit deliver?
By Ella Kokotsis, G7 and G20 Research Groups
|16.35 - 16.50||
The G7 summit and Indonesia's G20 climate plans
By Esther N.S. Tamara, Foreign Policy Community of Indonesia (FPCI)
|16.50 - 17.25||Discussion and Q&A|
|17.25 - 17.30||Conclusions and outlook|
Ella Kokotsis is the Director of Accountability, G7 and G20 Research Groups, University of Toronto. She has attended most G7 summits since 1994, has written broadly on various aspects of summitry and global governance, and has spoken extensively at summit-related conferences worldwide. Her scholarly methodology for assessing summit compliance continues to serve as the basis for the annual G7, G20 and BRICS Research Groups accountability reports. She is the author of Keeping International Commitments: Compliance, Credibility and the G7 and co-author of the Global Governance of Climate Change and Reconfiguring the Global Governance of Climate Change.
David Ryfisch has been Team Leader for International Climate Policy at NGO Germanwatch since 2019, where he is primarily responsible for climate finance, sustainable finance and the work on G7/G20. Previously, he advised the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and worked at the Inter-American Development Bank.
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